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Polar Fox Trending Posts VideoARCTIC FOXES in the Snow
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With the Soviets bringing more reinforcements to the front every day, Feige requested more men if he was to start a new attack. Consequently, all offensive plans were scrapped.
This, combined with heavy German casualties, led to the attack finally being called off at the end of September. Group F's new drive on Ukhta was immediately stopped in its tracks by recent reinforcements of the 88th Rifle Division.
The Soviets now launched a heavy counterattack. The Finns, who were still reorganising with the recently arrived German units for a revived push to the east, were forced to retire.
To counter the new threat AOK Norwegen now threw in everything it had available to bolster the Finnish front.
The new reinforcements helped to stabilise the front. Finally, on 30 October, the new long-planned offensive began, and after two days a Soviet regiment was encircled.
Finnish General Hjalmar Siilasvuo proceeded to clear the perimeter with his troops. After the disappointing performance of the SS units under his command and the realization that he neither the Finnish nor the German high command is going to provide him with additional forces or substantial reinforcements, he slowed down the advance towards the east and instead concentrated on clearing and securing the area.
Those mop-up operations were completed by 13 November. By that point the Finnish 3rd Division had killed 3, Soviet soldiers and captured 2, With the Germans mostly unable to operate and advance without the support of the experienced Finnish units, their hope now lay on a continuation of the attack led by the Finns themselves.
These hopes were soon squashed. Field Marshal Carl Mannerheim, supreme commander of the Finnish forces, insisted on delaying further offensive operations, citing military and logistical reasons.
On 17 November, Siilasvuo ordered an immediate stop to the Finnish III Corps' offensive, despite positive feedback from his field commanders that further ground could be taken.
This sudden change in Finnish behaviour was, in some part, the result of diplomatic pressure by the United States and Britain. With the Finnish refusal to be involved in further offensive operations, Arctic Fox came to an end in November and both sides dug in.
Operation Arctic Fox did not meet its goals. During the operation the German and Finnish forces took Salla as well as Kestenga, but overall the operation failed in terms of its strategic intentions, as neither Murmansk nor the Murmansk railway at Kandalaksha were captured.
The XXXVI Corps, especially its SS-component, was ill-trained and unprepared for arctic warfare and therefore made little progress while suffering heavy casualties.
On the other hand, the Finnish units, especially the 6th Division of the III Finnish Corps, made good progress and inflicted heavy casualties on the Soviet forces.
The failure of Arctic Fox had a significant impact on the course of the war in the east. Murmansk was a major base for the Soviet Northern Fleet and it was also together with Arkhangelsk the main destination for Allied aid shipped to the Soviet Union.
British convoys had traveled to Murmansk since the summer at the onset of the war, but with the entry of the United States into the war in December , the influx of Western Allied aid increased massively.
The United States enacted the Lend-Lease pact in which they vowed to supply the Soviet Union with large quantities amounts of food, oil, and war materiel.
One quarter of this aid was delivered via Murmansk. This included large amounts of raw materials like aluminum as well as large quantities of military goods for the Soviet war effort, including 5, tanks, 7, aircraft, 4, anti-tank guns, million rounds of ammunition and various sea vessels.
Those supplies benefited the Soviets significantly and contributed to their continued resistance. For the remainder of the war the Arctic front remained stale.
The German High Command did not regard it as an important theatre and therefore refrained from transferring the substantial reinforcements needed for a renewal of the offensive.
The Finns likewise were not interested in continuing the offensive on their own as they did not want to antagonize the Western Allies further.
In September , following a series of devastating German defeats, the Finns sued for peace with the Soviet Union and had to give up all their territorial conquests.
In October , the Red Army conducted the Petsamo-Kirkenes Operation and achieved a decisive victory over the German forces in the Arctic by completely expelling them from Finland.
Despite exhaustive efforts by Finnish historians, it is so far proven impossible to pinpoint the exact date on which Finland was taken into confidence about Operation Barbarossa.
The "paper trail" is tantalizing but leads only to dead ends and side paths, not to any benchmark conference or dates. Probably no formal agreements were necessary.